Today, January 16, 2018, officially marks the effective date of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s final rule targeting what it refers to as “payday debt traps” (the “Rule”). As outlined in our previous publications (found here and here), the Rule marks a significant change in the landscape for lenders offering short-term loans or longer-term loans with balloon payments, including payday and vehicle title loans. Looming large is the new requirement that lenders determine a borrower’s ability to repay prior to originating covered loans.
Recently, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”) issued final supervisory guidance (FDIC guidance, OCC guidance) for financial institutions that offer so-called “deposit advance products.” By using these products, borrowers generally receive small-dollar, short-term loans and promise to repay them from the proceeds of their next paycheck (or benefit disbursement), which are direct-deposited into the borrower’s bank account. Notably, the regulators’ guidance applies to deposit advance products “regardless of how the extension of credit is structured” (e.g., as a loan or a line of credit). Read More