Extensive data about mortgage lending activity collected pursuant to the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (“HMDA”) was just made available to the public for the first time on March 29, 2019. More detail about borrowers, about underwriting, and about loan features is now available than ever before, and that information also is easier for the public to access than it ever has been. The mortgage lending industry should expect that the expanded HMDA data will receive significant attention and scrutiny from private organizations and individuals, and the data is certain to spark controversy about the racial, ethnic and gender fairness of mortgage lending.Read More
It has been a busy week in the fair lending space. Last week, the CFPB issued a white paper describing its proxying methodology for imputing race and ethnicity when analyzing fair lending compliance on non-mortgage credit products along with a proposed rule to oversee nonbank auto finance companies. This week, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council released the 2013 Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (“HMDA”) data, and the Federal Reserve released its own analysis of the data.
On Friday, the CFPB released a proposed rule that would significantly expand the scope of financial institutions’ mortgage lending data reporting requirements under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, or HMDA.
First enacted in 1975, HMDA was originally intended to allow both regulators and the public at large to examine whether lenders were effectively serving the credit needs of the communities in which those lenders were located. To that end, the Act required covered institutions to collect and publicly disclose data regarding their mortgage lending activities, thus allowing both public officials and the mortgage lending industry the means necessary to respond to areas of need. Subsequent amendments to the Act, designed to assist regulators in monitoring compliance with fair lending laws, required that covered financial institutions also report the race, ethnicity, sex, and annual income of both applicants and borrowers for home mortgage loans (and mortgage loans purchased by the institution). Read More