Tag: Article 4A

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Circuit Court Declares Bank’s Wire Transfer Security to Be Commercially Unreasonable Under UCC Article 4A

Circuit Court Declares Bank’s Wire Transfer Security to Be Commercially Unreasonable Under UCC Article 4A

By: Holly K. Towle

In 2010 we reported on the “Wave of Online Banking Fraud Targeting Businesses” that use online banking relationships to make electronic fund transfers by wire or ACH. The fraudsters use malware such as key-loggers to steal access credentials and then start draining the business’ account. In the U.S., the transfers are governed by Article 4A of the Uniform Commercial Code (“UCC”). Consumer accounts are not impacted by Article 4A: they are eligible for the consumer protections afforded by the federal Electronic Funds Transfer Act and Regulation E, which limit a consumer’s exposure to fraudulent transfers to a maximum of $50 as long as the consumer promptly reports the fraudulent activity. Read More

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